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Agatha Noveille is an author and herbalist based in Atlanta, Georgia. The effects of white willow take longer than aspirin to kick in, but they tend to last longer and to cause fewer adverse reactions than aspirin side effects. Tincture of fresh bark—Diarrhoea, Emissions, Fever, Gonorrhoea, Impotence, Masturbation, Night sweat, Nymphomania, Prostatitis, Satyriasis, spermatorrhoea. Willow, of the family Salicaceae and genus Salix, has many trees and shrubs; 300 species vary from less than 1 in. It's most commonly used for pain and fever. Assyrian clay tablets excavated by archaeologists document these uses of willow and also in treating fever. Twigs are slim, flexible and rounded. The Silviculture of … The daily use of salicylic acid keeps skin free from excess dead cells for preventing acne breakouts. Wildlife: The willows are among the first plants to provide honey bees, after long winters, with nectar and pollen. It is more distinctly a tree throughout its range than any other native willow; 27 species attain tree size in only part of their range (3). Older twigs are darker and grayer. Each bud has only one cap like scale. The numerous uses of the wood of this and other willows are furniture doors, millwork, barrels, and boxes. The amount swallowed to date in the U.S.A. is approaching an annual 35 million lb., or five tablets a week for every man, woman and child. Use the bud resin for treating sunburns, scurvy, scratches, scalds, wounds and spring tonic. Female flowers are urn shaped, green and borne upon shorter catkins. Willow trees are either male or female with flowers of different sexes borne on seperate trees. It is well-adapted to streamsides and is planted to reduce erosion. I would suggest that this is true to an extent. Aboriginal peoples of North America used various plant parts of black willow for uses such as drugs to treat aliments, fiber for basketry and other uses. It is a natural exfoliator and eliminates dead cells and prevents pores from closing and causing pimples. Disclaimer, e-mail: [email protected] Pricing/Availability: White Willow isn’t seen for sale in the United States because other domestic species, (such as Black Willow), are more readily available. ), Agatha’s herbal recipe book, The Complete Guide to Adaptogens, is available online and wherever books are sold. The American Materia Medica, Finley Ellingwood M.D., 1919 When you make a purchase through these links, I earn a commission at no additional cost to you. Leaf petioles are short, glandless, hairy and short. They are rounded or wedged at bases and long tapered tips which are curved to one side and finely serrated margins with 15 to 30 teeth per inch. It has dark-brown, ridged bark, reddish to orange twigs, and long, narrow leaves that are taper-pointed. The leaves are shiny green on the tip and softer green below. They mature in May to July and split. She founded Indie Herbalist in 2011. Leaves are fast growing shoots having stipules which often encircle the shoot. Black willow roots are very bitter, and have been used as a substitute for quinine in the past. Native to eastern North America, from New Brunswick and southern Ontario west to Minnesota, and south to northern Florida and Texas. We cannot trace the discovery of how the Willow first became known to the American Indians, we can only tell you that when they were in need of a fever-reducing agent Willow bark tea was given. It was used in the early 1900s to make poultices for gangrene and ulcers, and also to make a cream for rashes caused by poison ivy. black willow or pussy willow; crack willow; purple willow; Once salicin is absorbed it breaks down to various salicylate derivatives, which have a variety of health-promoting capabilities. Black willow trees are typical willows with long, thin leaves that drop in autumn. Flowers are dioecious with both male and female flowers borne upon 1 to 3 inches long catkins. Stipules are large, green, paired, ovoid or semi-cordated, persistent and dentate. However, as the Eclectic sources note above, I think it’s probably reasonable to say that there are still some uses specific to black willow. Willow bark has been used for pain relief at daily doses of 1 to 3 g of bark, which corresponds to salicin 60 to 120 mg. A clinical study of patients with lower back pain used willow bark at a dose of Bark tea is used for debility, dyspepsia, indigestion, gangrene, fevers, lumbago, intestinal ailments and ulcers. Combine 3 grains Willow (S. nigra) and ½ grain Capsicum (Cayenne) when there is great prostration. Willow shouldn’t be given to children or teens who have a fever caused by a virus or who are recovering from a viral illness. The smaller branches are drooping and sagging. Egyptians used willow to treat joint pain and inflammatory conditions associated with wounds. This tree is also one of the first woody species found along the outer edges of gravel bars and streams. Salicylic acid is an exfoliator that helps to smoothen skin. The black willow is a close relative of the weeping willow, an ornamental native to the Orient. . They are arranged in 3 to 6 inch clusters. Black willow (Salix nigra) is the largest and the only commercially important willow of about 90 species native to North America. Add ½ grain Golden seal (Hydrastis canadensis) when the heart as well as the nervous system needs sustaining. Similar to white willow, the bark of black willow contains salicin and tannins. Peterson Field Guide to Medicinal Plants and Herbs of Eastern and Central North America by Steven Foster and James A. Duke Agatha is an herbalist and author in Atlanta, Georgia. Prices within its natural range are likely to be moderate. Salicylic acid is an ingredient used for treating acne. Some studies also show willow works well as aspirin for relie… The flowers are in elongated clusters, aments or catkins, of two different types; however, in rare instances, the flowers are bisexual. The contents of modern aspirin is from man’s integrity rather than from God’s goodness. The bark is used in the leather tanning industry. Dry it and ground into powder and add to cereal flour for making bread. He tried a decoction of Willow bark on sufferers of rheumatic complaints and thus rediscovered the effectiveness of salicylic acid (Salix is Latin for Willow). If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. Uses. It is considered by some to be a reasonable alternative to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like aspirin, Advil (ibuprofen) or Aleve (n… It has been used in the treatment of gonorrhoea, ovarian pains and nocturnal emissions. It occurs along the concave or the inner meander of streams and rivers where broken branches may drift to their new location. All rights reserved. They are brittle at their base. Catkins are located atop the young shoots. Medicinal use of Black Willow: The bark is anodyne, anti-inflammatory, antiperiodic, antiseptic, astringent, diaphoretic, diuretic, febrifuge, hypnotic, sedative, tonic. There are several kinds of Willow in Russia, Eva, Salix alba, S. capra, S. fragilis and others. Branches are brittle and can break easily. On riverbanks, the deep-rooted, pliant tree buffers raging waters that would sweep away soil. Black Locust: A Tree with Many Uses January 8, 2018 / Steve Gabriel In early October this past year, a devoted group of foresters, farmers, extension educations, students, and others gathered at the USDA Plant Materials Center in Big Flats, NY to discuss a common, yet underappreciated tree that has great potential for farms across the Northeast: Black Locust ( Robinia pseudoacacia ). Stream bank stabilization is often achieved with the meadow and sandbar willows. Willow is very similar in action to quinine; the active principle is Salicin and is believed to be far more valuable for ague and low grades of fever. Salix gracilistyla 'Melanostachys' (Black Pussy Willow) is a bushy deciduous shrub boasting rich purple-black winter stems covered with a profusion of showy deep purple-black catkins adorned with red anthers. The use of the willow tree as a mild pain reliever goes back to the Native Americans, who used it in much the same way that I do. If placed in moist soils, these branches will take root. When most herbalists turn to willow, they reach for white willow, Salix alba, which is easy enough to find at health food stores. © 2020 Healthbenefitstimes. Black willow's greatest contribution to man goes mostly unsung, however. That would be weeping willow, Salix babylonica. It minimizes the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines due to exfoliation, smoother and soften skin. They are appressed and flat upon the side next to the twig and are rounded upon the opposite side. To listen to her podcast or enroll in one of her herbal courses, visit Indie Herbalist's sister site, Teacup Alchemy. So it looks like it could be a very useful herb to add to nervine blends or central nervous system tonics. The medicinal use of willow dates back 6,000 years. Shoots and larger branches are pointed upright. Each leaf is lanceolate and linear. This is the good stuff. Salix alba (white willow) commonly known as Bay willow, Black willow, White willow, Willow bark, salix is a large deciduous tree native to Europe and western and central Asia. Most black willow lumber is used for shipping boxes. The aments, like the bark, were cited as being beneficial for gangrene. Black willow wood is so light and flexible it was once used to make artificial limbs. The female flower hangs in long clusters or aments. Black willow is so tolerant of water that one tree in Illinois lived despite being totally underwater for at least 32 days. Like most willows, black willow flowers are catkins. According to King’s American Dispensatory (1898), the bark, root and aments (the long, drooping clusters of flowers) of black willow were all used for medicinal purposes. According to researchers, the chemical salicin in white willow bark is in charge of these properties. https://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=22484#null, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salix_nigra, https://indiananativeplants.org/images/resources/Gordon%20Mitchell%20Articles/GM_black_willow.pdf, https://pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Salix+nigra, https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=SANI, https://www.henriettes-herb.com/eclectic/kings/salix-nigr.html. All of which would strongly suggest that, Victorian prudishness aside, the herb has an effect on the central nervous system, and also that it has cooling actions in the body with an affinity to the reproductive organs. Willow bark has acids which has similar to cyclic acid and helps to exfoliate the skin and makes it blemish free. Ingredients found in extract of Willow bark is similar to cyclic acid and benefits of Zinc. Twigs are alternate U-shaped leaf scars. Lateral buds are about 1/8 inch long, conical, narrow, shiny, smooth, brown to red or yellow-brown and pointed. Still graceful, black willows are more upright and slender. Addiction – What Are the Short- and Long-Term Effects of Drug Abuse? Considering the historic period in which the Dispensatory was written, we find such language as, “. In 1763 the Rev. However, their main use seemed to be as an anaphrodisiac. Wood is brittle and the tree may require regular pruning. It will serve an excellent purpose in these cases in combination with general nerve tonics and restoratives, greatly enhancing their influence.”. Male flowers borne in yellow, crowded, hairy, slender and erect catkins. They are 1 to 8 inches long and about 1/8 to ¾ inches wide. .”, “Not only does Salix nigra act as a check to sexual passion and misuse, but it proves a useful tonic and sedative to many conditions following in the wake of sexual intemperance, among which may be mentioned spermatorrhoea in its varied forms, and prostatitis, cystitis, and ovaritits.”. In the past, black willow wood was used to make artificial limbs because it doesn’t splinter easily and is lightweight. Edward Stone applied an old-fashioned theory. Comments: With hundreds of species of willows worldwide—including the popular Asian cultivar Weeping Willow (Salix x sepulcralis)—the world of willows is highly varied in shape and size. Links contained in this post and elsewhere on my website may include affiliate links. The anthers will later turn yellow as they mature. Domestic grazing animals browse in willow thickets. The flowers are yellow and produce a small reddish-brown capsule that contains the small, furry seeds. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. Treatment for acne; Salicylic acid is an ingredient used for treating acne. Although it isn’t much used by herbalists now, black willow was used by the Eclectic physicians, and appears in several of their materia medicas and reference books. Ornamental: Black willow can be planted as an In this article, I will be showing you how to make a crude form of aspirin from the bark of a willow tree. It was recognized that using the bark and leaves of Salix nigra was useful in treating rheumantism. Black willow provides some of the only economically important wood in the willow genus (Salix). It was used in the early 1900s to make poultices for gangrene and ulcers, and also to make a cream for rashes caused by poison ivy. It was brought to the U.S. in the 1700s by European settlers and has since escaped and naturalized in many parts of North America. Black Willow roots had a few uses. Ethnobotanical uses of black willow by various Native American tribes include basketry, and treatment of fever, headache, and coughs. I’ve organized it by parts used. She founded Indie Herbalist in 2011. While all willows are medicinal, the medicine strength can vary depending on species and where the plants grow. People often use white willow bark to reduce pain and inflammation. This indicated a febrile diseases where the fever occurs in a cycle at the same time of day or in a reoccurring pattern over weeks or months. Willow is available in several dosage forms, including tablets, capsules, powder, and liquid. Uses and benefits of Snowberry – Symphoricarpos albus, Interesting facts and benefits of Coralberry – Symphoricarpos orbiculatus, Traditional uses and benefits of Yellow Loosestrife, Uses and benefits of Peyote – Lophophora williamsii, Traditional uses and benefits of Fernleaf Biscuitroot, Major Health Benefits of Sleep and Recovery Supplements. The young twigs are slightly hairy. The bark of this species is used interchangeably with S. alba. The use of black willows was common in early soil stabilization efforts and erosion control, states the Forestry Service. Is highly recommended and largely used in the treatment of spermatorrhoea, nocturnal emissions, etc. Three things were obvious—low, marshy regions; rheumatism; Willow trees. The Willow is not capricious as to soil conditions and is used to control eroding soil, as it is fast growing (Moscow University, Moscow, 1963). Crates, boxes, charcoal and wooden ware are also products made from the wood. In North America we can claim over 100 of the species variety. According to Peterson Field Guide to Medicinal Plants and Herbs, willows hybridize very easily and species can be used interchangeably. These branches require no pre-treatment. Seeds are densely covered with long, white, haired and basal tufts. The wind spreads them. Accounts of black willow can be found in King’s American Dispensatory and The American Materia Medica, published in the late 1800s and early 1900s. The wood is used in many farm implements and household items. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); POLICY It sloughs off dead cells and exhibits new, soft and supple skin cells and lowers appearance of lines and wrinkles. They roots also contain a scarlet red dye. It is fast growing, but may live for only 40 or 50 years. The bark is used as a poultice on wounds, cuts, bruises, sprains and swellings. The young stems can also be used for basket making. Black Willow (Salix nigra) is one of the largest and most commerically important species of willow in North America. However, some studies show other components of this bark, including plant chemicals named flavonoids and polyphenols, have antioxidant, antiseptic, immune-boosting, and fever-reducing properties. This indicated a febrile diseases where the fever occurs in a cycle at the same time of day or in a reoccurring pattern over … Academy of Science, Minsk, 1965). This species is native to the Chicago region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research. Each twig is red-brown, light orange, olive, orange-green, golden yellow, yellow green and is hairless. These salicylic acids are found in a number of herbal remedies used throughout the world, some dating as far back as the Stone Age. Facts about Common Toadflax – Linaria vulgaris, Uses and benefits of Virginian Peppercress – Lepidium virginicum, Health benefits of Bay Laurel – Laurus nobilis, Uses and Benefits of Larch – Larix decidua. Willow black American, Pussywillow, Catkin Willow, 5–15 centimeters (2–6 in) long, 0.5–2 centimeters (1⁄4–3⁄4 in) broad. It wasn’t long before experimentally inclined chemists began synthesizing this substance from common coal tar and petroleum derivatives, according to a standard recipe given in many elementary chemistry text books. No preference is shown as to the species used for medical purposes. The black willow doesn't need man's help to propagate. Black Willow: Family: Salicaceae: USDA hardiness: 4-8: Known Hazards: None known: Habitats: Found in a wide variety of soils[229], so long as they are wet[227], by streamsides, shores and rich low woods[43]. I want it to smell a bit like wintergreen and taste wickedly bitter like an aspirin tablet with a tart Vitamin C after kick. It is taken internally in the treatment of rheumatism, arthritis, gout, inflammatory stages of … Largest of the Willows of eastern North America is the Black willow S. Nigra. The root was used as a bitter tonic, taken internally for intermittents. of bark to 1 pint of boiling water, steeped 15 min., taken in wineglassful amounts three or four times daily. Otherwise, the word ‘willow’ typically conjures up images of the graceful landscape tree with long, trailing branches. Skype: healthbenefit55. This is very different than white willow, where the bark seems to have been favored. (Learn More), Medicinal Use of Black Willow in Historical Accounts, Celebrate Spring with Homemade Dandelion Jelly. .it is especially adapted to the disorders of the sexually intemperate male or female, and of the youth, subject day or night to libidinous suggestions and lascivious dreams terminating in pollutions. I am careful to harvest willow in an uncontaminated area and give the bark a taste and smell test. Her herbal recipe book, The Complete Guide to Adaptogens, is available wherever books are sold. Willow trees have become commonly used in conservation efforts and soil erosion control. It is a natural exfoliator and eliminates dead cells and prevents pores from closing and causing pimples. But there is no good scientific evidence to show that it works as well as aspirin for these conditions. Find patient medical information for Allergenic Extract-Tree Pollen-Black Willow Injection on WebMD including its uses, side effects and safety, interactions, pictures, warnings and user ratings. 1898. A decoction is prepared for fevers, rheumatism, worms and to stop bleeding (Bello-Russ. The root was used as a bitter tonic, taken internally for intermittents. Today it is known as common aspirin. Also relieves ovarian pain. Willow bark acts a lot like aspirin. Many herbalists have their favorite variety of willow, and once they find a stand, they go back t… Seeds are carried by wind or by water. Below you can find a summary of the uses for black willow that turned up when I was researching. The . (Learn more. Range: Eastern N. America - Maine to Minnesota, south to Texas. Ancient civilizations used willow tree extracts to treat pain, inflammation, and musculoskeletal conditions. Use the bark externally as a wash for treating acne, psoriasis, eczema, burns, cuts and skin ulcers. Interestingly, the aments are mentioned for making the preferred preparation of black willow. Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Produced by male plants, they are on display in early spring before the foliage emerges. Kings American Dispensatory, Harvey Wickes Felter M.D. These roots are able to form mats and to bind the soil. Birds eat the catkins, and other animals eat the bark and twigs. Drug Uses – “The medicinal part of the plant is the inner bark and was used as a pain reliever for a variety of ailments (arnatural.org, 2010).” Leaves are simple, alternate and deciduous. Black willow is a native tree that can tolerate very wet sites. Black willow wood was used to make artificial limbs for people before the advent of plastics. Insects pollinate its catkins (blossoms). The wood was ground up and used in making gunpowder during the American Revolution! Health Benefits of Black Willow. Usually black willow is a rather small tree, but under good conditions it may grow to 70 or 80 feet in height and two or more feet in diameter. In fact, engineers favor the black willow for planting as a levee reinforcement. Willow bark's analgesic (pain-relieving) and antipyretic (fever-reducing) properties have been touted since as far back as 4th-century Greece when users would chew on the bark for rapid pain relief.1 The growing popularity of natural medicines has fueled a renewed interest in willow bark. Privacy Policy The tree is the largest and most important New World willow and is one of the first trees to bud in the spring. The bark decoction is used for treating spastic colon, dysentery, hoarseness, fevers, bleeding, laryngitis, fainting, kidney stones, headaches and anemia. Use the leaves internally for treating minor feverish illnesses and colic. Similar to white willow, the bark of black willow contains salicin and tannins. Elk and beaver browse on willow leaves in the summer and willow twigs in the winter. I only link to products and services that I love - and that I think you will love, too! To be given in gelatin capsule three times daily before meals. A poultice made by simmering the powdered bark in cream is most effective in gangrene and indolent ulcers, etc. Black willow is named for its dark gray-brown bark. They have one basal gland, stalked, basal gland and ovoid. . Willow trees have long been used in healing, and there are many traditional medicinal uses for willow. A link between Reye’s syndrome and aspirin use suggests that willow should be used carefully with children. The light but sturdy wood was once used for making artificial limbs, and is still used for fashioning boxes and making pulp. Each leaf scar has 3 bundle scars and longitudinal ridge running downward. in height to trees of 100 ft. or more, depending on local and climatic conditions. Of the infusion, 1 oz. They are hairless, shiny dark green above and lighter green below. Willow bark has acids which has similar to cyclic acid and helps to exfoliate the skin and makes it … Black willow is generally not recommended for use as a specimen in residential landscapes because of its susceptibility to breakage, potential insect/disease problems, need for soils that never dry out, litter problems, shallow spreading root system which may seek out water/sewer pipes, and mature size potential. Black willows are less dramatic in appearance than familiar, flamboyant weeping willows. The Earthwise Herbal: A Complete Guide to New World Medicinal Plants by Matthew Wood Terms & conditions Black willow's strength is not enough to make it suitable for uses such as beams or posts but it is used for roof and wall sheathing, subflooring and studs. The “precocious” catkins are ornamental, and among flowering plants Willow is ancient, fossils extending back to the Cretaceous. trees’ branches are often planted into the ground to take root quickly and easily. Willow trees are often used for reducing erosion of stream banks, bars, islands, and prevention of gullies in flood project… They love to keep their feet wet, and the ones I spend time around have grown up among white oak, tulip trees, maples and sweet gums in an area near a small creek. Fruits are 1/8 to ¼ inch long, short stalked, light red brown to green, smooth, conic or ovoid, one celled and bivalve pods or capsules. Peterson Field Guide to Medicinal Plants and Herbs, willow should be used carefully with children, inflammatory disorders involving the ovaries or the prostate. Seeds are small, fluffy and light. In fact, Ellingwood, in The American Materia Medica (1919), had this to say about black willow: “It will exercise a direct and satisfactory influence in many cases of hysteria, overcoming the extreme excitability and nervousness, headache and the globus hystericus, and will permit quiet, restful sleep. Structurally, its wood is very weak.. Other uses for the wood include pulp, crates, furniture, and table tops. Ellingwood also mentioned the use of the aments as opposed to the the bark. This is because because willows contain salicylic acid (aspirin is acetylsalicylic acid). As a bitter tonic, it was useful for asthma and gout. The Willow, especially Weeping willow, so artistically portrayed in melancholy expressions of poetry and music, is extremely popular in parks and private gardens. The daily use of salicylic acid keeps skin free from excess dead cells for preventing acne breakouts. They are ideal for flood control, soil erosion control, and pollution control. There are no calyx and corolla. Common Uses: Baskets, utility wood, crates, furniture, carvings, and other small specialty wood items. Bracts are yellow, blunt tipped and hairy. Very few people are aware of our native willow species, Salix nigra, or its herbal history. The seed is carried far and wide by wind and water. It is a great remedy for headaches, hangovers, and other minor pain. There are no terminal buds.