I teach this in Lesson 1, 2 and 3 of Unit 0. If you are just learning how to read and write Korean, I highly suggest that you focus on the sounds that each letter makes instead of learning their names. Again, you can do this by breaking the vowel into its component vowels. ㅑ = 야 In Korean, they do not have this final ‘breath’ sound. 1. One character can consist up to 4 characters in one unit. Giyeok and ssangiyeok look similar but their pronunciations are different. Notice that the letters above follow our regular pattern, and that their correct names are: In the section above, you learned the names of the basic Korean consonants. This often causes confusion for people – including Koreans! ㅍ: 피읖 Hangul is the Korean alphabet and blah blah blah.Yeah let’s skip all boring introductions. The similarity in pronunciation of ㅐ and ㅔ often causes confusion, even for native Korean speakers. I will introduce these names to you in this lesson. Hangul or hangeul is the modern name of the Korean alphabet. This would then have a consonant letter either to the right or underneath it. The most common case of this is when distinguishing between ㅐ and ㅔ. Make each of these sounds now. You might also be wondering what the name of each Korean letter is. For example, if somebody said their name was “헤진” and you had to write it down, you wouldn’t know to write down “해진,” “헤진” or “혜진.” In this case, it would be necessary for you to distinguish between ㅐ, ㅔ and 예. In Unit 0: Lesson 1, I present the order of the Korean alphabet. ㅈ: 지읒 Next, know that each syllable in Korean is pronounced for the same length; 1) 1st rule: master the pronunciation of 24 basic Korean letters. Korean character is made up of 14 consonants and 10 vowels. ㅏ = 아프다 (AFUDA) = Pain, Sick, 알다 (ALDA) – Know/ have knowledge, 알 (AL) – Egg These can be in various parts of the word, such as: 떡볶 이 (tteokbokki) – rice cakes in sauce (a type of Korean street food) : ssangsiot: ㅇ: 이응: ieung: ㅈ: 지읒: jieut: ㅉ: 쌍지읒: ssangjieut: ㅊ: 치읓: chieut: … Korean Pronunciation, Video 1: The Hangul Alphabet and Korean's Consonants - Duration: 15:11. Now we’ll learn the aspirated consonants of the Korean alphabet. How to study Korean © 2020. The Consonants. Korean people often assume that the name of ㅋ and ㅌ are respectively: ㅋ: 키옄 G = “JI”. The Korean alphabet have 14 simple consonants and 5 doubled letters. ㅌ: 티긑 I’ll tell you only the important things that you must know, you must understand the differences between Hangul and Latin alphabet. ㅚ = 외 ㅕ = 여 2 Rules for Korean Pronunciation. There are some Korean names that sound exactly like names. Pronunciation of Korean words. ㅖ is notably different, but when preceded by a consonant sometimes the pronunciation is slurred to sound similar to ㅐ or ㅔ. I purposely didn’t include ㅒ (which would also sound similar), but this vowel is much less common and the name “햬진” doesn’t exist. Note that ㅐ and ㅔ officially sound different, but almost nobody makes the distinction. Readers who found this page through a search engine are recommended to start with our main article on the Korean writing system, which explains how to assemble the characters into syllable clusters. ㅝ = 워 The Korean alphabet are put into syllable based units. The consonant characters are formed with curved or angled lines. “B”. ㅅ: 시옷 Try to practice by yourself. How to Pronounce Korean Consonants. ㅗ = 오 ㅠ = 유 For example, in European languages, the sound of “wa” is thought to have two elements, the /w/ sound and the /a/ sound. ㄷ: 디귿 E = “EEE” For example: Korean vowels don’t really have “names.” The “name” of a Korean vowel is the same as each vowel’s respective pronunciation with the silent consonant ㅇ used before it. For example, when my wife says her name over the phone, she would very slowly say “이 – 슬 – 기,” instead of saying the individual letters that make up the syllables. This is called an “aspiration.” That is, the final letter in a Korean consonant is not aspirated. So you can simply put a “쌍 (ssang)” before the name of the single consonant to describe the twin consonants. For the convenience of a phased learning, they are divided into 5 groups: As in the case of learning Korean vowels, carefully study the design logic, create associations with sound, and group similar letters, for … How many vowels in Korean To name a vowel, you just make its sound, so the name of ㅏ is just "ah", the name of ㅜ is "ooh", and so on. C = “SEE” Unaspirated consonants exist in English too, but never alone: compare the sound of 'p' in "pot" (aspirated) and "spot" (unaspirated). Each Korean letter has its own name, just like how each English letter has its own name. Here are some names that you can choose from–can you find your name on the list? ㅓ = 어 , ㅂ, ㅅ, ㅈ’ twice. This table shows the consonants in the Korean writing system. Many of the sounds represented by the vowel letters in the Korean alphabet actually begin with the /w/ or /y/ sounds, which are classified by Western phoneticists as semi-vowels or semi-consonants. ㅙ = 왜 From Sino-Korean 慶 (gyeong) meaning "congratulate, celebrate" or 敬 (gyeong) meaning "respect, honour" combined with 子 (ja) meaning "child". This means you learn the proper pronunciation of vowels and consonants. The Korean alphabet is made up of 19 consonant letters and 21 vowel characters for a total of 40 main letters. ㅎ: 히읗. |. First, master the pronunciation of 24 basic Korean letters. ㅟ = 위 The system, known as Chosŏn muntcha in North Korea, consists of 24 letters (originally 28), including 14 consonants and 10 vowels. ㅊ: 치읓 Hangul is the official alphabet of the Korean language and it’s used in both South and North Korea. Most Korean consonants come in three versions, namely unaspirated (without a puff of air), aspirated (with a puff of air) and tensed (stressed). I purposely omitted the explanation of the following double consonants: The word for “pair” or “double” in Korean is 쌍 (from the Hanja character 雙). ㅡ = 으 In every Korean syllable, there would also be a consistency of having a vowel and a consonant. Korean grammar uses only ㄲ and ㅆ batchim among all twin consonants. By no means do you need to understand this lesson before you move on to Unit 1: Lesson 1. To refer to ㅔ, you can say “어이.” Except for the letters ㄱ, ㄷ and ㅅ, all of the letters follow a specific pattern. This name can be formed of other hanja character combinations as well. ㄹ ㅁ ㅂ ㅅ ㅇ ㅈ ㅊ ㅋ ㅌ ㅍ ㅎ are consonants and ㅏ ㅑ ㅓ ㅕ ㅗ ㅛ ㅜ ㅠ ㅡ ㅣ are vowels. To hear a sample of the pronunciation of each letter, click the icon to the left of the Korean character. So 강 (river) is spelled "gee-uk, ah, … Many English speakers find it helpful to pronounce an … B, D, G, and J. Now that you know the names of the letters, you can verbally communicate how a word is spelled in Korean. Here is the list of consonants that was presented: If we take out the “double letters” (ㄲ, ㄸ, ㅃ, ㅆ and ㅉ), we are left with: The name of each letter (in the same order as above) is: ㄱ: 기역 To refer to ㅐ, you can say “아이.” ㄹ: 리을 Korean Double Consonants For example, the shape of ssangiyeok is formed by doubling the consonant ‘ㄱ(giyeok)’. In English, if you say a word (for example, your last name) and need to spell it out, it is very common to spell out your name letter-by-letter. ㅇ: 이응 ¸ë•Œê¹Œì§€ 한국어 열심히 공부하세요! ㅂ: 비읍 What if we made these consonants stronger, aspirating as we … ㅏ = 아 ㅁ: 미음 The alphabet was created in the year 1443 in the Joseon Dynasty. The following vertical vowels go along side the initial consonant like this: "아, 애, 야, 얘, 어, 에, 여, 예, 이 " 4. D = “DEE” The letters ㄱ, ㄷ and ㅅ do not follow this pattern. korean vowels sounds. They effect the sound of next syllable. Korean people often assume that the name of ㅋ and ㅌ are respectively: ㅋ: 키옄 ㅌ: 티긑 (ㅅ doesn’t have a similar sounding consonant like this, so there is no confusion here) Notice that the letters above follow our regular pattern, and that their correct names are: ㅋ: 키읔 ㅌ: 티읕 . The Romanization of Korean consonants uses the same English letters that we just went through for the sounds. The five twin consonants are ㄲ, ㄸ, ㅉ, ㅃ, and ㅆ. The proper letters to use when Romanizing Korean is determined by whether the consonant … Vowel 1 - 4 of the 10 basic vowels Korean Syllable ㅏ ㅑ ㅓ ㅕ Pronunciation a ya ǒ yǒ As you learned in Unit 0: Lesson 2, the pronunciation of ㄱ and ㅋ, and ㄷ and ㅌ are similar. , ㄹ, ㅁ, ㅂ, ㅅ, ㅈ, ㅎ) In Korean, consonants have names that don’t correspond exactly to how they sound, just like we do in English. ㅐ = 애 Is “EH” the best way to write the name for the letter “A?” Well, I’m Canadian, so it seems correct to me. Tense consonants (ㄲ, ㄸ, ㅃ, ㅆ, ㅉ) are called 쌍 (ssang) ‘twin’ letters in Korean, as their representation involves doubling the letters of several of the basic consonants (as you can see, the word 쌍 itself has a twin letter ㅆ). The name of each of the letters above is the name as their respective single-letter names, but with “쌍” said before it. Look at the following picture to see how the pattern works: Step 1: This structure is always (except for the three exceptions) used as the base. Every syllable must start with a consonant and have a vowel. This is hard to understand at first to English speakers. ㅞ = 웨 ㅛ = 요 ㅋ: 키읔 Korean vowel has 3 shapes – man (a vertical line), earth (a horizontal line) and heaven (a dot). I must point out that this is not very important for a beginner to learn. The names of the vowels are much easier than the consonants. Words in Korean are formed by groups of syllables. B = “BEE” To refer to ㅖ, you can say “여이.”. Click here to go back to the Unit 0 main page. Just like the American alphabet, to form words you need a consonant and a vowel. If you listen to the pronunciation of each, that would be the “name” that it would be referred to. Most Korean consonants come in three versions, namely unaspirated (without a puff of air), aspirated (with a puff of air) and tensed (stressed). For example, in English, we refer to different letters of the alphabet by giving them the following “names:”, A = “EH” ë¹µ means bread in Korean, however without the use of a tensed consonant ë°© sounds softer “bang” and means room in Korean. Korean letters do have official names. This shows that the use of a tensed consonant can change not only the sound but also the meaning of a word. ㅌ: 티읕 For example: When writing these words, they might tell themselves “Ah, I can’t remember if it is 아이 or 어이.”. F = “EF” (Green on image) It makes a stronger sound when a consonant is following next (Blue on image) The next syllable takes one of batchim consonants when a fake consonant is following next. In fact, it is not even very important for an advanced learner to learn. Fluent Forever 177,295 views. Besides distinguishing ㅐ and ㅔ (and sometimes ㅖ), it is rare to have to spell out the component parts of a different vowel. ㅜ = 우 ㅖ = 예 “J”. Step 2: Whichever letter you are naming (in our example, the letter ㄴ) gets put in place of “X” in our diagram. The difference is – to my knowledge – there is no official way to write the names of the English letters. The vowels in Hangul, the Korean alphabet don’t have names like the consonants do, instead they just have one sort of simple sound. Step 3: This is the name of the letter. In addition, most vowels can be modified by prefixing them with 'y' or 'w': ㅢ = 의 Here is a list of simple Korean words (Words made from Korean vowels and consonants) and their pronunciations. 15:11 [Learn Korean … All Rights Reserved. 2. Hangul, (Korean: “Great Script”) also spelled Hangeul or Han’gÅ­l, alphabetic system used for writing the Korean language. Again, it is rare to refer to these vowels by name. In Korean, as the pronunciation of letters is more fixed, it is more common to instead spell out a word syllable-by-syllable instead of letter-by-letter. Whatever position one’s mouth is in when they make the sound of a final consonant in a syllable – it stays like that. ㄴ: 니은 There are many words whose spelling is exactly the same except for a difference in ㅐ or ㅔ. ㅔ = 에 As a beginner learning Korean, you should focus on learning the sounds that Korean letters make, and how they fit together to make syllables. 3. 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