University of Maine. Russian olive, Elaeagnus angustifolia (invasive) – has longer, narrower leaves that are silvery on top as well as on the underside. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. This site is also protected by an SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) certificate that’s been signed by the U.S. government. It is a particular threat to open and semi-open areas. Assessing the potential of invasiveness in woody plants introduced in North America. 946-954 ISSN: 0141-8130 Russian olive is a deciduous tree with narrow silver leaves, clustered greenish-yellow fruits, and shaggy bark. The related Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia) is also invasive in Maryland. USDA. [Accessed Sep 10, 2014]. E. angustifolia can invade both open upland and riparian bottomland (marshland and other wetland) communities, alter the course of plant succession, and ultimately result in lowered levels of native plant and animal diversity. The section below contains highly relevant resources for this species, organized by source. Or, to display all related content view all resources for Russian Olive. It takes over streambanks, lakeshores and prairies, choking out native vegetation. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health. Questions and/or comments to the Bugwood Webmaster, A Field Guide for the Identification of Invasive Plants in Southern Forests, Weeds Gone Wild: Alien Plant Invaders of Natural Areas, City of Ann Arbor Michigan Parks and Recreation. The https:// means all transmitted data is encrypted — in other words, any information or browsing history that you provide is transmitted securely. Maps can be downloaded and shared. In online book: Bossard, C.C., J.M. Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia) Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia) was introduced to North America as an ornamental shrub and as a windbreak plant in the late 1800s. Natural Resources, Bureau of Endangered Resources. Conservation Services Division. In: Fire Effects Information System. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Department of Conservation and Natural Resources, 1994. It can … Weed Research and Information Center. Cooperative Extension. University of Pennsylvania. Hoffman, R. & K. Kearns, Eds. National Botanical Services, Ottawa, ON, Canada. 102pp. Author: Sharifian-Nejad, Mohammad Sadegh; Shekarchizadeh, Hajar Source: International journal of biological macromolecules 2019 v.124 pp. Center for Environmental Research and Conservation. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org, State List - This map identifies those states that list this species on their invasive species list or law. moniifera) and the exotic Russian-olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia L.). Google. It is planted for decoration and has now become invasive. Although grown as a small ornamental tree, the Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia) is considered invasive in certain parts of the United States. Madison, Wisconsin. ARS. Elaeagnus angustifolia L. Oleaster Family – Elaeagnaceae. General Information Scientific name: Elaeagnus angustifoliaPronunciation: eel-ee-AG-nus an-gus-tih-FOLE-ee-uhCommon name(s): Russian olive, oleasterFamily: ElaeagnaceaeUSDA hardiness zones: 3A through 8B (Fig. Although Elaeagnus angustifolia is not considered to be invasive in New England at this time, in the western part of the United States it is considered invasive as well as a noxious weed in some states. EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. In New England, autumn olive has escaped from cultivation and is progressively invading natural areas. Elaeagnus angustifolia NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Online Resources. This invasive plant can be identified by silver scales that cover new stems, leaves, flowers, and fruit. Maryland Cooperative Extension Service. Exact date unknown; was introduced to the central and western U.S. by the early 1900s (Zouhar 2005), Introduced as a horticultural plant (Zouhar 2005). Before sharing sensitive information online, make sure you’re on a .gov or .mil site by inspecting your browser’s address (or “location”) bar. angustifolia can withstand competition from other shrubs and trees and can spread vegetatively by … Woody Invasives of the Great Lakes Collaborative. Keywords: Plant Guide, Russian olive, Elaeagnus angustifolia L., small tree, non-native, invasive Home and Garden Information Center, Home and Garden Mimeo HG88. Autumn olive (Elaeagnus umbellata) is invasive in the Northeast, Southeast and Midwest. ... "Russian-olive: Elaeagnus angustifolia (Rhamnales: Elaeagnaceae ): Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States." Russian olive, or Elaeagnus angustifolia, is native to Europe.On other continents, it is reported as an invasive species since it crowds native vegetation out.. GRIN-Global. It grows especially well in riparian situations and has been documented as out-competing the native plains cottonwood (Populus deltoides). The currently accepted name for Russian-olive is Elaeagnus angustifolia L. (Elaeagnaceae) [46,51,74,87,93,94,98,107,161,194,197,198]. Russian Olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia) can be a small shrub or tree depending on the amount of time it has been growing undisturbed. ; Non-native bush honeysuckles, Lonicera spp. It negatively impacts natural areas by creating dense, monotypic stands that outcompete native vegetation, modifying vegetation structure, and displacing native wildlife. Germination and establishment of the native plains cottonwood (Populus deltoides Marshall subsp. Hoshovsky (Editors). Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia) is a form of eleagnus, but it is often considered an invasive plant in most states other than in the south, where it can struggle to grow well. Cooperative Extension. E. angustifolia can also alter nutrient cycling and system hydrology by spreading throughout woodlands, c… Cooperative Extension. Maryland Department of Natural Resources Policy: Restriction on Planting Exotic Invasive Plants, National Park Service, Mid-Atlantic Exotic Plant Management Team Invasive Plant List, New Jersey Invasive Species Strike Team 2017 Invasive Species List, Non-Native Invasive Plants of Arlington County, Virginia, Nonnative Invasive Species in Southern Forest and Grassland Ecosystems, Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources Invasive Plants. 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